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    Dirty Dairy: What You Need to Know About Milk

    May 12, 2011 •  38 comments.

     •  Blog, News, Uncategorized

    Written by Robyn O’Brien

    The journal Pediatrics that 15% of American girls are expected to begin puberty by the age of 7 (with the number closer to 25% for African American girls), perhaps it’s time for a little history lesson about the introduction of artificial growth hormones into the American milk supply in 1994.

    For the past 16+ years, much of our nation’s milk has come from cows injected with a genetically engineered growth hormone. If you didn’t know that, you’re not alone. Since it was never labeled, most of us had no idea that this hormone was introduced into our dairy in 1994. The hormone has two interchangeable names: recombinant bovine somatropine (rBST) and recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH).

    RBGH has dominated the milk market almost since the FDA approved it in 1993. It was the first genetically engineered product ever brought to market. And the Associated Press (AP), the New York Times and the rest of the media have called it “controversial” (the AP headline actually referred to it as “a bumper crop of controversy”).

    So what is rBGH anyway? Although the product is made in a lab, it’s designed to mimic a hormone that’s naturally produced in a cow’s pituitary glands. It’s injected into cows every two weeks to boost their hormonal activity, causing them to produce an additional 10 to 15 percent more milk, or about one extra gallon each day. And within the first four years of its introduction in 1994, about one-third of the nation’s cows were in herds being treated with this growth hormone.

    If all you knew about rBGH and this hormone was that it increased milk production, you might think it was a good thing. Why shouldn’t we use every means at our disposal to boost the supply of such a nutritious food?

    Well, besides increasing milk production, rBGH apparently does a few other things, too.

    First of all, the product seems to be hazardous to the cows. The package itself warns of such bovine problems as “increases in cystic ovaries and disorders of the uterus,” “decreases in gestation length and birthweight of calves,” and “increased risk of clinical mastitis.” Mastitis is a painful type of udder infection that causes cows to pump out bacteria and pus along with milk, requiring treatment with antibiotics and other meds that can end up in the milk.

    When I first read this, I had to stop and walk away from the computer for a few minutes. How many bottles and sippy cups had I filled with this milk? Why hadn’t I known about rBGH when I was pouring countless bowls of cereal for my children? I shuddered at the thought that along with the milk, I had also been giving them doses of growth hormone and antibiotics, not to mention potentially exposing them to cow bacteria and udder pus. How had I not known about this Dirty Dairy?

    Want some antiobiotics with that growth hormone?

    On top of that, and is often cited in the press (most recently by Laurie David), 80% of antibiotics are now used on our livestock here in the U.S. And overexposure to antibiotics tends to kill off the friendly bacteria in our intestines—bacteria that we need for our digestion and immune system. Many doctors believe that too many antibiotics at too early an age is part of the reason that kids are more likely to be allergic: their immune systems aren’t being given the “microbial environment” that they require. Wonder how many “extra” antibiotics our kids are getting in their milk, cheese, and yogurt? Maybe it’s not just about those hand sanitizers.

    And then on top of that, allergies are the body’s response to proteins that it considers “toxic invaders,” and that genetically engineered proteins may spark new allergies. According to CNN and a recent study published in the Journal of Allergy and Immunology, milk allergy is now the most common food allergy in the U.S., having risen to the number-one position in the last 10 years. It’s even starting to affect the sale of milk in schools. Might rBGH be a factor in that increase? We wouldn’t have a clue. No human studies were conducted.

    But let’s get back to the cows, because rBGH can hurt them in several more ways. The label also warns of possible increase in digestive disorders, including diarrhea; increased numbers of lacerations on the cows’ hocks (shins); and a higher rate of subclinical mastitis.

    Bad enough when dairy cows get visibly sick, because then they’re treated with antibiotics that end up in our milk. But what about the cows who are getting sick at a subclinical level—a level so subtle that farmers don’t notice it? Think of the bacteria and pus pouring out of those inflamed udders—infections that aren’t even being treated! How does drinking that milk affect us, our kids, and our babies in the womb?

    Those are just the problems acknowledged on the rBGH product label. Another concern is that the extra hormones drain the cows’ bones of calcium, so that they tend to become lame. The Canadian federal health agency actually found that “the risk of clinical lameness was increased approximately 50 percent” in cows that were given rBGH. Partly as a result, Canada has banned the product, concluding that it “presents a sufficient and unacceptable threat to the safety of dairy cows.”

    rBGH is banned in other developed countries but not in the U.S.

    Canada isn’t the only country to bar rBGH. The genetically altered hormone has also been banned in the European Union, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. In addition, the U.N. agency that sets food safety standards, Codex Alimentarius, has refused to approve rGBH not just once but twice.

    Farmers themselves have noticed problems with the product. In addition to the expense of the drug itself, rBGH results in higher feed bills, higher vet bills due to increased antibiotic use, and more cows removed from the herd due to illness or low productivity. One study found that 25 to 40 percent of dairy farmers who tried rBGH soon gave it up because it wasn’t profitable enough to justify the damage to their cows. Other farmers have said that they see how hard the product is on cows, and they don’t want to subject their animals to such treatment.

    Okay, so that’s why rBGH hurts cows. But I’m way more concerned about us and our kids. How does having a genetically altered hormone in our milk supply affect us?

    Health concerns include possible link to cancer

    As early as 1998, an article in the Lancet, the prestigious British medical journal, reported that women with even relatively small increases of a hormone known as Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) were up to seven times more likely to develop premenopausal breast cancer.

    And guess what? According to a January 1996 report in the International Journal of Health Services, rBGH milk has up to 10 times the IGF-1 levels of natural milk. More recent studies have put the figure even higher, at something like 20-fold.

    Now stop and think about that for a minute, while correlation is not causation, breast cancer used to be something that women got later in life. Premenopausal breast cancer was so rare that when young women presented their physicians with breast cancer symptoms, the doctors often failed to diagnose it, simply because it was so unlikely that an “older women’s disease” would be found among young women.

    But according to the Young Survival Coalition, one in 229 women between the ages of 30 and 39 will be diagnosed with breast cancer in the next ten years. Why are all these young women now getting breast cancer? And what about the effects of IGF-1-laden milk on older women, who are already at greater risk for breast cancer?

    In case you think that the rising cancer rates have something to do with genetics, stop and think again. According to the Breast Cancer Fund, 1 in 8 women now have breast cancer. But only 10 percent of those cases can be linked to genetics. In other words, 90 percent of breast cancers being diagnosed today are being triggered by factors in our environment.

    How did this happen?

    Now if you’re like me, your next question probably is, So, if we know all of this, how did this hormone find its way into our dairy products? How did our government agencies, responsible for ensuring the safety of our food, allow the use of this growth hormone and the sale of IGF-1-laden milk? Why was rBGH not used in Europe, Japan, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, but used so freely right here in our own United States?

    Well, the year before the FDA approved the first genetically engineered protein, it said, “Ultimately, it is the food producer who is responsible for assuring safety.” But at the same time, the corporate communication’s director of the company introducing rBGH said, ” We should not have to vouchsafe the safety of biotech food. Our interest is in selling as much of it as possible. Assuring its safety is the F.D.A.’s job.”

    You read that right. It’s kind of a “Who’s on first?” routine. Didn’t we learn anything from the tobacco industry?

    So with the jury still out on this one, no long-term human trials ever conducted, a self-regulated industry whose “interest is in selling as much of it as possible,” the increasing rates of antibiotics used on our livestock (not to mention the increasing rates of early puberty and cancer), and the stunning fact that this synthetic growth hormone was never approved for use in Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and all 27 countries in Europe, maybe it’s time we start to exercise a little bit of precaution here in the U.S., too.

    How to Opt-Out of rBGH

    Thankfully, we can opt out of this experiment and look for milk labeled “organic” or “rBGH-free”— since by law, these types of milk are not allowed to contain rBGH, a genetically engineered product that was never allowed into the milk, cheese, ice creams and other dairy products in other developed countries. And you can find this milk in Wal-Mart, Costco & Sam’s.

    And while correlation is not causation, with the American Cancer Society telling us that 1 in 2 American men and 1 in 3 American women are expected to get cancer in their lifetimes and the Centers for Disease Control reporting that cancer is the leading cause of death by disease in children under the age of 15, a precautionary move like this one just might be what the doctors ordered (at least that’s what they did in all 27 countries in Europe, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and Japan).

    Written by Robyn O’Brien with excerpts from The Unhealthy Truth

      38 Responses to “Dirty Dairy: What You Need to Know About Milk”

      1. Great information for all women: mothers, daughters, sisters, aunts, and grandmothers. Hopefully your post will help women understand the importance of limiting dairy products to only those that are rBGH-free. Thank you!

        • Joshua

          I was wondering if you could provide your sources and the peer reviews performed on the research you site. I do believe there are residue laws in effect for antibiotics in both milk and beef carcasses. Additionally, there were more tanker loads of milk dumped in 2012 for residue from organic dairies than conventional and the organic should not be using antibiotics at all. Also, I was wondering how much research you performed on caloric intake in comparison of puberty. I fell there have been more studies that have been peer reviewed showing a stronger correlation between those two then milk hormone levels. This also fallows the studies that show the caloric intake is related to obesity in American which is tied to cancer rates. Lastly, if the rBST is changing the chemical composition of the milk “hormone levels” why has there not been a test developed to test for rBST. Also to give more of a reference point would you mind giving the number of other antibiotics, drugs and hormones that are approved for use in the USA and banned in other countries through out the world.

      2. Thank you for spreading the word.

        • Lynne in New York State, USA

          We appear in more ways than this to be a test tube nation, in this particular case the test tube being our sacred bodies and that of our offspring . . . all for profit by big business. It certainly follows along the lines of the movie I just watched tonight, The Constant Gardener. I just love synchronicity!

      3. Alyssa

        I agree with this. I’m also aware of research that says that the use of Soy Formula and many other non-fermented soy products could contribute to this problem. Soy mimics estrogen and having it daily (like with formula or in soy milk) is far too much of that hormone for young children…even adults. Please check in to this concept and see what you think.

        Thanks for what you are doing. I loved your TED speech! Brava!!

      4. AllergyKids

        There have been no studies about synergistic toxicity and the compound effects of all of these new endocrine disruptors now found in our food supply (from rBGH, to BPA, to genetically engineered proteins, to the synethetic weed killers used to grow them).

        Chemicals, if studied (and not grandfathered in), are tested in isolation and not in combination. As a result, we (and our children) are that test. So remembering that correlation is not causation, it is so important to teach others how to exercise precaution. Thank you for the great work that all of you are doing to help protect the health of our families.

      5. While it is easy to read labels and avoid milk with rBGH it is less easy to determine if cheese and other dairy products are made from such milk. It is my guess that most of the rBGH milk is now being used by dairy processors as most of the liquid milk in the supermarkets in my area are claiming to be from cows raised without rBGH.

        • AllergyKids

          Thank you for raising this important reminder that the rbGH does not just impact the liquid milk, but also cheeses, yogurts and ice creams.

        • Angela Cason

          Sorry to intrude with what seems like a plug, but I know how many labels I have to scour before I can find the right product, so I hope this is helpful:
          There’s a cheese company, Arla, that does not use any hormones — they are owned by a Danish company, although they produce cheeses here as well, so they have kept to the Danish principles. (Disclosure, I work on their marketing) The brand names are Dofino, Saga, Castello and Denmark’s Finest, and they are widely distributed, so it’s not an obscure brand. Hope this helps.

        • Angela Cason, you keep chiming in here with plugs for Arla cheeses (which is what I have in my refrigerator and prompted me to research this). I’m glad to hear that it does not contain rBGH of rBST (right?), but even with their “European standards” Arla seems to have a history of allowing their dairy to be messed with including the addition of melamine to milk in China. Also, the Arla Foods Ingredients business may be benign but makes me raise an eyebrow and want to know more about it since it opens to door to non-standard handling of foods.

      6. yeahkt

        Not only the hormones in milk but what about all the hormone enhanced chicken we eat? Between those 2 alone we’re ingesting and enormous amount as a society.

        • AllergyKids

          Such an important point, especially in light of the 29 million pounds of antibiotics used every year to raise food animals and the unknown impact that is having on us.

      7. One by one, my three daughters all began to manifest symptoms of food poisoning (nausea, diarrhea, vomiting) after eating beef and dairy products when they were between 17 and 19 years old. After a lot of experimenting to determine the cause, we’ve switched to rBGH-free dairy and organic beef and have had no more problems.

        I, too, am wondering when the hormones in chicken will begin to affect us the same way.

      8. while it is easy to find organic milk, it is almost impossible to find organic cheese. I have to drive to WHole foods to get hormone free cheese, and I have never even seen antibiotics free cheeses

        • Sparkle in NC

          Try Trader Joe’s for rGBT free cheeses… we are enjoying a lovely cheddar and some sliced Havarti right now!

        • Jim

          Those antibiotics and hormones are not allowed in foods or dairy operations in the European Union. so if you want chemical free cheeses and dairy products, just look for any imported from Europe.

      9. Thanks for a wonderfully well written and eye opening article.

      10. This is an excellent article! Thank you! Organic milk is fairly easy to find for me (only because I live on a military base and the commissary caries it – the grocery stores in the area do not), but as a lot of others have said – cheese and yogurt are harder to find. It saddens me that I have no choice but to eat the hormone and antibiotic-laden dairy products and meat because there aren’t any Whole Foods, Trader Joe’s, etc. in my area. I’m looking forward to the day that all grocery stores carry organic options, but for now, it is labeled a ‘health’ or ‘luxury’ food. People don’t realize organic is not a fancy word to pull the buyer in – it simply means you’re eating the food in it’s natural form, the way it’s meant to be consumed. It sickens me that I’m feeding who knows what to my family, and praying that our bodies can fight it all off until we have better choices.

      11. All very true. The smoking gun you left out though is that rBST is produced by Monsanto. A giant corporation that really doesn’t care about humanity. Why do you think that on every milk product that says rBST free it also has a little asterisk that says “no significant difference has been determined between milk from cows treated with rBST and cows not treated with rBST”? Because as you have just so nicely pointed out there IS a big difference.

        But Monsanto didn’t like that dairies were NOT using their product and putting that rBST free logo on their products because that made it seem like they were superior. So they sued. And they won the right to force dairies to also put in that little asterisk.

        Monsanto also holds the patents to almost all the GMO crops grown today and if your fields get pollinated and they can prove it they will sue you to make you pay for using their patented crops. Vanity Fair did a huge article on it a couple years back.

        So… if you live on the west coast or can find it, I highly recommend Tillamook dairy products. All of their stuff is rBST free and it’s really good too! 🙂 Cheese, sour cream, butter, ice cream… yum!

      12. Susan Park

        I looked into the ice cream side of things a few months ago. Here are my findings, for those who care:

        Good Brands (no rBGH):
        Ben & Jerry’s
        Yoplait, Dannon, Stonyfield (yogurts)
        Krogers (Frys brand I think)
        Trader Joes

        Brands that use rBGH:
        Breyers (including Good Humor, Klondike bars, and popsicles)
        Dreyers (including Haagen-Daz, Nestle and Edys)
        Baskin Robbins

        If your favorite ice cream(s) are in the above list, I strongly urge you to write them a letter telling them you are very sad to have to boycott them! I emailed Dairy Queen to ask them if their ice cream uses milk from rBGH cows and they replied that each Dairy Queen is responsible for getting its own milk, so it depends.

        Now I guess I will have to check on the cheese and butter that I buy too… sigh.

        Here is a link to check out rBGH-free dairy products in your area.

        • AllergyKids

          Thank you so much for taking the time to share this insight, Susan.

        • Angela Cason

          Hi Susan, I saw your comment and don’t know how often you come back to this blog so wanted to let you know that the cheeses produced by Arla are all rBST free. They are a Danish company and they’ve brought their practices to their US production as well. The brand names are Dofino and Saga (US cheeses) and Castello and Denmark’s FInest (imported from Denmark.)
          Most European cheeses are made under the stricter EU guidelines, so if you’re not sure, go for imported. Hope that helps.

        • sg

          Tillamook, Challenge, and Darigold all make an rBGH free butter, and there are several cheese brands that are rBGH free as well. http://fooddemocracy.wordpress.com/2007/11/13/top-rbgh-rbst-free-milk-producers/
          Thanks for the note on Arla brands, Angela Cason.

      13. debbie

        amazing…..every time i hear about something like this it makes me just want to grow ALL my own food, and skip the dairy, please!

      14. Be

        Great post. But you are being too kind to Monsanto and their political influence in all this (I agree with Krista). If not criminal, a class action civil suit is surely in their future. I also agree that there are many other factors here like other GMO products, Excessive antibiotics in all kinds of CAFO raised meats that it is scary. Even all the antibacterial soaps are wearing down our natural immunities – let your children play in the dirt: it’s good for them!

        Finally, we have to shut down Big Brother and free Dan Allgyer and allow easy access to raw milk across the country. It isn’t dairy that is bad it is industrialized dairy that is bad. And don’t even get me started on the inability to find whole milk nearly everywhere!

        • Thank you for this posting. Why was Dan Allgyer imprisoned, exactly? Is there a coordinated effort to discredit and even fire, possibly imprison, those of us who attempt to challenge agribusiness and force the FDA to do its job? Having recently been fired tho. I have had the top, “exceptional” Evaluations annually,
          and often stressing these issues in my classes in Ethics and introductory Philosophy, I just wondered if, given your keen insights, you knew of any such policy underway. It seems to me that recently MANY very fine people have been fired, and yet I do not want to seem like a conspiracy theorist or paranoid. Can you help? I can send my personal email if you respond but how to exclude a public posting…? hm…

      15. Adam

        This is all wonderful information that everyone should be aware of.

        But my question then is with all the uncertainties of dairy and it’s production, why are we consuming it at all?

        Whether you buy organic or not, the cows may stil suffer, may still acquire mastitis, which will still end up in the milk. Even in organic milk the government allows a certain amount of pus in every container of milk. This is public information from the USDA, though they would never call it pus to the public, you’ll have to look up “somatic cell count.”

        As for the hormones, organic may take care of the “added” hormones, but there are still actual, naturally present hormones in the milk. The IGF hormone is still present and still a cancer causing threat. And because the cows are constantly impregnated in order for them to produce milk (yes, a cow must be pregnant to produce milk, they don’t just “give” milk), the resulting milk is even higher in hormones from her over active reproductive system.

        More than 75% of the world is lactose intolerant, which most people believe to be a disorder, but it’s actually a natural part of human development. Those that are able to digest it are actually the abnormal ones who have just adapted to be able to digest it. We are not designed to drink milk past the age of weaning from our mothers milk. And certainly not designed to consume it from another species entirely. No other animal on the planet does this.

        And this is by no means the end of the list of problems with dairy, but I think it’s more than enough to realize that we should be avoiding it and looking to alternatives. There are more choices out there now than ever. Those wary of soy have plenty of other options like almond, coconut, rice, hemp, oat, hazelnut, flax, sunflower, and various grain milks that are delicious, offer the same nutrition, and don’t come with the risks of dairy.

        • Allie

          While I see your point, it is false to claim that other milks are nutritionally the same or better. Fortified, they have calcium and vitamins a&d, but they don’t have the proper levels of protein and fats to make them a viable alternative for growing children.

      16. It is truly a great and useful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

      17. Hello! I just would like to give an enormous thumbs up for the good info you have got here on this post. I might be coming again to your blog for extra soon.

      18. Kristie

        Thank You! My friends think I’m crazy, but how can you deny all of the correlations between what we see happening with the health of our society and the introduction of all of these chemicals and anti-biotics? I wonder what the cancer rates of those same age groups look like in the countries where this was banned?

      19. Dianne Shaw

        As an educator of 35 years, I have been increasingly concerned to see girls (and boys reaching puberty at younger and younger ages. First grade girls should NOT be starting their periods. I have cautioned parents about the hormones in dairy and meats for years, as well as the antibiotic use in animals as more and more “super bugs” appear in the general population. I am so glad to have scientific proof to back up what I believed but couldn’t substantiate. I still often take the opportunity (and chance) to stop young parents in stores and say, please look at the price difference of organic. For the price of a daily cup of coffee, you can give your children organic dairy and meat– though until recently organic meat has been extremely difficult to find. If you do nothing else organic, buy organic dairy and meat and at least the “dirty dozen” fruits and vegetables. As a new grandmother, I would buy organic foods for my kids when the prices made them hard on their budgets until I was exposed to an “unknown toxin” that devastated my health to the point I had to stop working. Luckily, my children can now do this for their children, plus the prices are now much more affordable. At least, I can still try to get the message out, and your information is a gold mine that will help. Thank you!

      20. Is there a concern that antibiotics given to children at a very young age for ear infections, can cause food allergies – such as tree and peanut allergies as early as 2 years old?

      21. Sounds like the old Bush I and II people are still in the bureaucracy, forcing it NOT to do its job. FDA, where ARE you? What is blocking effective change here? Perhaps doctors like the extra business, girls like puberty at age 7 given the ignorant promptings of parents who buy clothes for them only prostitutes used to wear, … frankly, …….or there are lobbies too entrenched here that Europe did not have? Or else, targeting Greens along with other progressives is an organized and essential-to-expose U.S. government program, like Operation Chaos against us peace activists in the 1970s and 80’s. Does anyone know an investigative journalist who has studied this ? It’s too strange that Europe and other countries do not, and yet the US does still, use the added, dangerous milk hormones.

      22. Gina

        The past two weeks have been quite the eye-opener for me. I stumbled across a movie called “Food, Inc.” on Netflix and have made drastic lifestyle changes since. Did you know that there are some farms out there that clean their chicken meat with AMMONIA to help get rid of e-coli? If the government will not protect us and tell us what’s in food, then we need to arm ourselves and protect our families by research and knowledge. I used to think organic eaters were people obsessed with being fit, but now I see the bigger picture. My family and myself have made food changes and I feel better knowing that I’m giving my kids that will benefit them more then hurt them. I also lost almost 5lbs the first week too 😉

        If anyone knows of any helpful websites to help expand knowledge of the good and evil of foods, please post. Thanks! 🙂

      23. Cali Mom

        I have three daughters and my youngest who is my biggest milk drinker has developed breasts and started her period. She’s nine, so I began doing some research on this hormone situation. I already read the back of everything I buy and being that I am a single mom with very little money it can be difficult to find foods that are rBGH free and affordable. I have started talking with local farmers that raise their own livestock to see how much it would cost to kill one cow and pig a year and have it butchered. I know it sounds brutal but cancer runs in my family and if I can slow the process then I will do whatever it takes. I truly appreciate this article.

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      25. Catherine

        Regarding Angela Cason promoting Arla. I have their label in front of me. “No significant difference has been shown between milk derived from rbst-treated and non-rBST treated cows. ”
        Arla tastes great but this label got me looking into rbst. Why the disclaimer if they don’t use it??? Perhaps Angela should check again. October 06, 2016. Be well. We can’t avoid Monsanto , et al, always, but we can try.

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